Legal Disclaimer

The content and information provided within this site is for informational and educational purposes only. Consult a doctor before pursuing any form of therapy, including Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. The Information provided within this site is not to be considered Medical Advice. In Full Support of the F.D.A., Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is considered Investigational, Experimental, or Off Label.

Please consult with your Treating Medical Physician


MEDICAL DIRECTORY : PAGE TWO

  • M
  • macrodantin - an anti-infective antibiotic used to prevent and treat urinary tract infections
  • macrosomic - fetal weight of more than 4,000 grams
  • magnesium sulfate - epsom salts, a fast-acting laxative
  • mannitol - a natural sugar that acts as a diuretic, used in cases of drug overdoses and cerebral swelling
  • meds - short for medications, or drugs
  • melena - when a person is bleeding from an ulcer, consisting of black tarry stools indicative of upper GI bleeds
  • meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord
  • meperedine - the chemical name for the narcotic painkiller demerol
  • metacarpal fracture - a fracture of one of the five bones that form that part of the hand between the wrist and the fingers
  • methylprednisolone - an anti-inflammatory steroid
  • mg - abbreviation for milligrams
  • MI - abbreviation for myocardial infarction
  • MRI - abbreviation for magnetic resonance imaging. Imaging by computer using a strong magnetic field and radio frequencies
  • MVA - abbreviation used in ERs for a motor vehicle accident
  • myocardial infarction - a heart attack
  • myosis - excessive contraction of the pupil in the eye
  • M&M - abbreviation for Morbidity/Mortality, is a conference held by many departments on cases that either ended in death (where there was an interesting diagnosis)--mortality, or someone with a good diagnosis--morbidity. More malignant programs use it to embarrass residents and their mistakes. If refreshments are served, often the nickname is death and donuts (D&D)
  • N
  • narcan - naloxone, a drug used to counteract drug overdoses
  • necrotic - dead, as in "necrotic tissue"
  • needle cricothyroidotomy - see cricothyroidotomy
  • NG tube - abbreviation for a nasogastric tube
  • NICU - abbreviation for the neonatal intensive care unit
  • nitro drip - an IV infusion of nitroglycerine
  • nitroglycerine - an antianginal agent
  • norcuron - vecuronium, a neuromuscular blocking agent used to paralyze for rapid-sequence intubation
  • normal sinus rhythm - a normal heart rate, which is between 60 and 80 beats per minute in an adult
  • nosocomial infections - opportunistic infections contracted while in the hospital, eg a urinary tract infection a patient develops from his foley catheter
  • NPO - abbreviation for nothing by mouth (from the Latin Nil peros)
  • NS - abbreviation for normal saline solution
  • NSAID - abbreviation for a nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drug (eg Motrin, Advil, etc)
  • O
  • O neg - type O, Rhesus negative blood; also called universal donor blood since any human can receive O negative blood without complication
  • orbital fracture - a fracture of the bony socket that holds the eyeball
  • osteosarcoma - bone cancer
  • otitis media - an infection of the middle ear
  • palp - this refers to blood pressure taken under emergency conditions when listening for the systolic and diastolic pressures with a stethoscope is impossible. Taken by feeling (palpation) the pulse
  • pancreatitis - chronic or acute inflammation of the pancreas
  • pancreatotomy - surgical removal of the pancreas
  • papilledema - edema of the optic disk, often indicative of increased intracranial pressure
  • paresis - partial or slight paralysis
  • path urine - urinalysis
  • pavulon - trade name for the muscle relaxant pancuronium bromide. Pavulon produces complete paralysis, but with no alteration of consciousness
  • PCP - Phencyclidine, a veterinary anesthetic that causes euphoria and hallucinations in humans
  • pedal - related to the foot
  • perfed appy - when an infected appendix bursts opens and spills into the gut
  • pericardial centesis - the draining of fluid from the pericardium
  • pericardial effusion - blood or fluid leaking into the pericardium
  • pericardium - the sac that envelops the heart
  • peritoneal lavage - irrigation of the peritoneum
  • peritoneum - a transparent membrane enclosing the abdominal cavity
  • PID - abbreviation for pelvic inflammatory disease
  • pitocin - synthetic oxytocin, a pituitary hormone that causes uterine contractions and is often used to induce labor
  • placental abruption - the placenta separates from the lining of the womb too early, resulting in pain and bleeding
  • platelets - components of blood designed to form clots and plug leaks from bleeding arteries and veins
  • pleura - the lining around the lung
  • PO2 - the oxygen tension in arterial blood
  • PQRST - A mnemonic device used to quickly evaluate chest pain. P stands for "palliative and provoking": Does anything make the pain better or worse?; Q stands for "quality"; What, precisely does the pain feel like? Is it stabbing and knife-like or dull and throbbing?; R stands for "radiation": Does the pain radiate anywhere beyond the chest, such as into the arm or jaw?; S stands for "severity": On a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being almost no pain at all and 10 being the worst pain imaginable, what number does the pain rank?; T stands for "timing": What specifically, were you doing when the pain began and how long have you had it?
  • preeclampsia - the physical condition of pregnant woman prior to eclampsia. Symptoms include blood pressure greater than 140/90; persistent proteinuria (protein in the urine); and edema
  • preemie - slang expression for a baby born before full term, usually defined as a child born weighing less than five and a half pounds
  • procardia - a calcium channel blocker prescribed for Raynaud's phenomena and high blood pressure
  • Prolixin - a drug (fluphenazine hydrochloride) used for psychotic disorders, moderate to severe depression, control of agitation, intractable pain, senility, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms
  • PT - prothrombine time, a clotting factor test for blood
  • PTT - partial prothrombine time, see PT
  • ptosis - drooping of the eyelid
  • pulmonary edema - fluid in the lungs
  • pulmonary embolism - a blood clot in the lungs
  • pulsatile - beating, as in a pulsatile mass
  • pulse - a pulsating artery that gives evidence that the heart is beating, usually about 70 times per minute
  • puls/ox - pulse oximetry, a measure of the saturation of hemoglobin by oxygen, or how well the person is breathing
  • pulsus paradoxus - a condition in which the pulse pressure declines during respiratory inspiration
  • PVCs - premature cardiac ventricular contractions
  • pyelogram - an x-ray of the kidneys using an intravenously inserted dye
  • Q
  • q - every iteration, ie a med of Q5min would be every five minutes, or Q6h is every 6 hours
  • R
  • rape kit - a package containing envelopes for the collection of hair, sperm, and blood samples of a rape victims, as well as the official reporting forms
  • rapid infuser - a device that transports blood into the system at a fast rate to help prevent hypohemia
  • reflux - moving backward in the esophagus
  • renogram - an x-ray of the kidneys
  • respirations - breaths; the act of inhaling and exhaling
  • retrocecal - behind the cecum
  • rifampin - an antibiotic used to treat meningitis, tuberculosis, Legionnaire's disease, leprosy, and staph infections
  • rifabutin - a drug used to help prevent mycobacterium avium complex disease in patients with HIV infections
  • Ringer's solution - an intravenous solution consisting of salt, potassium, and calcium boiled in water used to treat dehydration
  • S
  • saline solution - a blood volume substitute made of salt and water, a temporary substitute for lost blood
  • schizophrenia - a mental disorder marked by hallucinations, delusions, and disintegration of the thought processes
  • scoop and run - a term used by EMTs and ER personnel for a situation where no treatment is possible at an accident scene and all they can do it "scoop" up the victims and "run" with them to the ER
  • second-degree burn - there are two levels of second-degree burn: The first level is a burn in which both the epidermis and the underlying dermis are damaged. The color of the burn is red (and there may be blistering); capillary refill is present; the skin texture is edematous (filled with fluid), and the burn heals in 10 to 21 days with no or minimal scarring. The second level is a damaging, deep partial-thickness burn that is pink or white in color; capillary refill might or might not be present; the skin texture is thick; and the burn heals in 25-60 days with a dense scar
  • sed rate - erythrocyte sedimentation rate, a red blood count used to determine inflammation and tissue destruction
  • sepsis - a very severe infection
  • serum amylase enzyme test - a test for pancreatitis
  • shock - a circulatory disturbance marked by a severe drop in blood pressure, rapid pulse, clammy skin, pallor, and a rapid heart rate
  • solu-medrol - methylprednisolone, a form or prednisone, an adrenal corticosteroid, a powerful steroid
  • spinal tap - see lumbar puncture
  • spleen - a part of lymphatic system, helps filter blood of bacteria and impurities
  • splenectomy - surgical removal of the spleen
  • stasis - a slowing or stopping of blood flow
  • stat - from the Latin statinum, meaning immediately
  • STD - abbreviation for sexually transmitted disease
  • sternotomy - surgical opening of the breast bone
  • stomach pumping - a large tube called an Ewald is inserted into the stomach, sucks out the contents, then the stomach is flushed out with clear water then charcoal and a cathartic (a fluid that passes through the bowel quickly)
  • streptokinase - an enzyme that can break up and liquefy blood clots
  • stridor - what breathing sounds like when the larynx or trachea is obstructed
  • subdural - outside the brain
  • sublingual - a medication that is taken by dissolving under the tongue
  • succinylcholine - a short-acting muscle relaxant
  • systolic - pressure during the contraction of the heart systolic murmur - a cardiac murmur that occurs between the first and second heart sounds
  • T
  • T3, T4, etc - Third thoracic vertebrae; fourth thoracic vertebrae, etc
  • tachycardia - an extremely rapid heart rate, usually signified by a pulse over 100 beats per minute
  • tamoxifen - the chemotherapy drug of choice for postmenopausal metastatic breast cancer
  • tension pneumothorax - a collapsed lung
  • tetralogy of Fallot - a surgically correctable congenital heart defect that consists of pulmonary stenoisis. hypertrophy (enlargement), of the right ventricle, a ventricular septal defect, and a shift of the aorta to the right
  • third-degree burn - a burn that damages (or destroys) the full thickness of the skin and the tissues underneath. The color of the burn is white, black, or brown; capillary refill is absent; the skin texture is leathery; and there is no spontaneous healing
  • thoracotomy - surgery on the thoracic (chest cavity)
  • thorazine - a multipurpose drug (chlorpromazine) that works as a sedative, an antiemetic, an antispasmodic, and a hypotensive. It is often used in the management of psychiatric and senile patients
  • thrill - a vibration that a doctor or nurse can feel by touch, often used to describe cardiac murmurs that can be felt through the chest wall
  • thrombosis - a blood clot
  • tib-fib fracture - fracture of the tibia & fibula in part of the leg below the knee
  • timoptic - a drug prescribed for high blood pressure and to reduce the possibility of another heart attack
  • toradol - ketorolac, an injectable nonsteroid antiinflammatory agent often used as a substitute for morphine in intoxicated patients or for those patients suspected of seeking narcotics
  • torsades de pointes - a type of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in which the heart races at extremely high rates in an arrhythmia
  • tox screen - toxicological analysis of the blood, ordered when a drug overdose is suspected and the drugs need to be identified
  • tPA - the abbreviation for tissue plasminogen activator, a drug used as an alternative to angioplasty to break up blood clots during a heart attack
  • tracheal shift - a physical shift of the windpipe due to trauma
  • trauma center - an emergency room with a trauma surgeon on duty
  • triage - the system of prioritizing patients in an emergency situation in which there are a great number of injured or ill
  • type and crossmatch - blood typing to identify patient's blood type
  • U
  • U/A - urinalysis, used to test for kidney failure, dehydration, diabetes, undernourishment, or bladder or kidney infection
  • ulcerative colitis - an inflammatory and ulcerative condition of the colon
  • ultrasound - a test similar to an x-ray, but which uses sound waves
  • unstable angina - angina pectoris in which the cardiac pain has changed in pattern
  • uric acid - an acid formed in the breakdown of nucleoproteins in tissues; often tested when gout is suspected since a high uric acid content in the blood often causes gout symptoms and the formation of stones
  • UTI - abbreviation for urinary tract infection
  • V
  • V/Q scan - a ventilation-perfusion scan, used to confirm a diagnosis of pulmonary embolism
  • valsalva maneuver - when a patient is instructed to blow on his or her thumb to maximize intrathoracic pressure.. It is used when cardiac trouble is suspected
  • vecuronium - see norcuron
  • venipuncture - the drawing of blood from a vein
  • ventricular septal rupture - rupture of the ventricular septum caused by mechanical failure of infarcted cardiac tissue
  • verapamil - a calcium channel blocker prescribed for angina pectoris, high blood pressure, and supraventricular tachycardia
  • versed - a benzodiazepine muscle relaxant used to sedate, often in conjunction with the paralyzing agent pavulon
  • vitamin H - ER shorthand for haldol
  • V-fib - ventricular fibrillation
  • V-tach - ventricular tachycardia
  • W
  • WBC - abbreviation for white blood cell count, used to determine how many white blood cells there are in the body to defend against bacteria
  • wheezer - an asthmatic patient, or any patient having difficulty breathing
  • Whipple procedure - a pancreatotomy, where the distal stomach, gallbladder, and duodenum are usually also taken out during the surgery, and they usually leave a little of the distal pancreas behind.

Page One